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Understand Standard Projections

Allows physicians beginning their endovascular practice, to learn, practice and gain confidence in the fundamental understanding of c-arm manipulation and projections, in a self-directed and interactively challenging simulator setting. The tasks focus on standard views relevant for various endovascular interventions (Neurovascular, Cardiovascular, Peripheral, etc.), radiation safety as well as full procedure steps to follow with the c-arm operation.

Optional Add-on:

Mini C-arm Model – The module enables connecting to a physical miniature c-arm model, enhancing to grasp the principles of a mobile c-arm operation.

Learning Objectives:

  • To practice optimal angiography, while considering radiation safety guidelines such as fluoroscopy time and c-arm angulation
  • To become familiar with c-arm angulation nomenclature for angiography (AO, LAO, RAO, Cranial, Caudal, Lateral)
  • To become familiar with the anatomical markers that assist in identifying the projection used – spine location, cardiac silhouette, diaphragm
  • To gain confidence in acquiring standard angiographic projections required to best Coronary View RAO display peripheral arteries, upper extremities arteries, coronary arteries
  • To identify the location of lesions and pathologies


Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology, Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Neurological Surgery, Interventional Neuroradiology, Vascular Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Electrophysiology

C-arm Basic Skills and Mini C-arm Model Demonstration
C-arm Basic Skills and Mini C-arm
C-Arm2 C-arm RAO 45
Colimation Colimation
Coronary-View-RAO Coronary View RAO
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